Scoliosis is the medical ailment that entails an unnatural curvature to the spine in side-to-side manner. This condition can be caused by congenital defects, other diseases such as spina bifida and cerebral palsy, and most commonly, by unknown or undetermined circumstances.
One of the treatment options that exists for scoliosis is surgery. The scoliosis surgery entails the fusion of the spine in an attempt to physically correct the curvature and straighten out the spine. Though surgery can prove to be effective, it rarely can completely return the spine to its natural position.
Non-invasive treatments for scoliosis exist that can prove to be effective, particularly for those that do not have a severe curvature of the spine. Scoliosis exercises have in some cases managed to adequately correct the deformity without the need of more aggressive treatment procedures such as surgery.
Scoliosis treatment options will vary depending on how severe the scoliosis deformity is present in a particular patient. Generally speaking, treatment can consist of observation, braces, and surgery. Observation will often be done in young children that present only a minor curvature that can often times correct itself as the skeletal structure matures. Braces are design to correct the curvature in younger children, while surgery is often employed in the more severe cases.
A scoliosis surgeon will typically be an orthopedic surgeon that is specialized in procedures and operations concerning the spine. A scoliosis surgeon can encounter many challenges, particularly when the deformation occurs in two parts of the spine, forming an "S" shape. Furthermore, operating of the spine has inherent risks, even though technology and science have advanced reducing them to a minimum.
Scoliosis in Adults
Scoliosis in adults is not uncommon, though it will usually develop at an early age, particularly during the adolescence years. Scoliosis in adults will typically refer to the various types of treatments that exist that will differ from those in younger patients and will present different challenges in those living with the disease.
Scoliosis symptoms are characterized by the distinct side-to-side curvature of the spine, though the condition can affect other internal organs, such as the lungs and heart. Furthermore, the symptoms may also vary due to scoliosis occurring due to the presence of another disease or condition.
Scoliosis in Children
Scoliosis in children will usually develop after the age of ten, and tends to be more predominant in girls rather than boys. However, scoliosis in children can occur in earlier ages, particularly when the cause is a congenital defect of the incorrect formation of the spine in the womb.