Protein synthesis is the process by which proteins are created in the human body. There are a series of steps associated with this creation that combine two processes that are highly similar. These processes are protein synthesis and amino acid synthesis. Both of these processes follow each other down a line of steps dealing with a transfer of information and combination of amino acids, which leads to an end product. A slight alteration in this end product can cause it to become something else, which also in turn determines the exact type of process in question. Protein synthesis and amino acid synthesis are crucial processes that occur within the human body that we need to survive. Understanding them, and their importance may be a valuable piece of information for just about anyone. Using various examples in place of DNA, RNA, mRNA, tRNA, and the amino acids, one can easily explain the process of protein synthesis or amino acid efficiently, and with much ease.
Steps of Protein Synthesis
The steps of protein synthesis are simple and begin with a DNA, and the genetic information that is confined inside of it. In order for the process to begin, the DNA must open up to provide the information in order for a strand of RNA to copy this data. The data will then travel inside the RNA outside of the nucleus in order to bind with ribose, creating ribosomes necessary for the process. The ribosomes will help this RNA, now known as mRNA join the information it holds for the pertaining amino acid, with the amino acids through the means of tRNA which will transfer them to their position. The combination of the amino acids along with the genetic data is known to be a peptide bond formed to create a chain of amino acids linked together through data. This chain soon becomes known as a polypeptide, which in turn creates a protein as we know proteins to be used by the human body. Proteins have many functions in our body and it is fair to say that they all begin with one tiny piece of information, and an amino acid in our body, all brought together through the means of an RNA molecule.
Amino Acid Synthesis
Amino acid synthesis is simply the beginning stages of protein synthesis. It follows every step that protein synthesis does, through the transfer of information incurred, as well as the binding with amino acids. These polypeptides that are created through a series of many peptide bonds, are essential to protein creation. By them remaining at a certain (shorter) length, they are still polypeptides. This maintains that the process still be amino acid synthesis. However, if these chains become elongated in size, and create a much larger chain, then that polypeptide becomes a protein. In turn, the process is now referred to as protein synthesis, which doesn't nullify amino acid synthesis, but it has created a different end product resulting in a differing process.