Cholera is an infectious disease that is caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is noted for its symptoms, which include continual watery diarrhea and vomiting. The disease can cause persistent and severe dehydration that can lead to a number of other medical conditions. Cholera is a leading cause of death around the world, and is prevalent in regions that have poor hygiene standards and poor sanitation procedures.
Cholera is often noted for its primary symptoms. These symptoms often lead to severe dehydration, which can lead to a number of other diseases and conditions that can be potentially fatal. Headaches, fevers, pains, aches, and fatigue can lead to renal failure, persistent diarrhea, or continual dehydration and thirst. Those who recover may remain asymptomatic but carry the bacteria that causes cholera.
Cholera has reached epidemic proportions in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe's cholera epidemic has been noted because of its incredible virulence within the country, and as many as 484 have died because of the disease. Although cholera in Zimbabwe has been problematic for many years, cholera toxins have remained relatively stable for most of the last few decades. However, current epidemic proportions have urged the World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health into action.
The cholera vaccine is a vaccination constructed from two strains of dead Vibrio cholerae bacteria and chemicals that act as preservatives. The cholera vaccine is only effective in about half of its applications, so many argue that a more effective vaccination is needed. However, the cholera vaccine does provide immunization at some level, and has been proven to be effective at helping people resist a cholera infection when visiting foreign nations.