Pediatric surgery refers to operations that are performed on fetuses, infants, and young children in order to correct some kind of deformity or improve the child’s quality of life. Pediatric surgeons must undergo a great deal of education and training, including residencies that are specific to pediatric surgery units of hospitals.
Pediatric cardiology is an area of pediatric surgery that diagnoses and corrects heart conditions in babies and young children. A pediatric cardiologist will perform scans on young patients to determine what type of heart malfunction they have developed, and perform heart surgery if necessary. A pediatric endocrinologist, on the other hand, will deal with diseases and disorder that are exclusive to the endocrine system. This means thyroid, hormone, and pancreas disorders, such as Type I diabetes. An endocrinologist will rarely perform surgery, but will administer different hormone treatments that can correct imbalances.
Pediatric oncology is perhaps the most difficult of all areas of pediatrics, as the death rate is very high. Oncologists deal with cancer patients, and will diagnose the disease, as well as develop different treatment plans. There will normally be different areas within pediatric oncology itself, meaning that one doctor may deal exclusively with diagnosis, while another will deal exclusively with radiation therapy.
Pediatric neurosurgeons will deal with infants and young children that have sustained injury, or have a disease affecting, the head, neck, spine, or nervous system. These surgeons are often responsible for correcting deformities that have been present since birth, although not all of these injuries are possible to repair.
A pediatric journal is a very important medical document for pediatricians. This is a medical journal that is normally published monthly, and contains articles by other medical professionals. This helps pediatricians stay current with the latest breakthroughs in the medical field, as well as be aware of the work that other doctors are doing.